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德国生态新区的绿色交通规划 ——以慕尼黑里姆会展新城住区为例
刘涟涟1, 杨 怡2
1.大连理工大学建筑与艺术学院,副教授, liulianlian@dlut.edu.cn;2.大连理工大学土木建筑设计研究院规划 分院,高级工程师
摘要:
绿色交通规划是生态城市的基础。 1990年代中期,德国展开了一系列生态新城 项目,以探索绿色、生态与人性化的未来城 市模式。本文在对中德两国城市交通安全、 交通规划用地与法规框架比较的基础上, 以德国慕尼黑里姆会展新城住区为案例,通 过对该生态住区的公交系统、非机动交通规 划和机动车交通控制与管理等方面的详细分 析,总结德国生态住区的绿色交通规划与管 理的成功经验,以期为推进我国建设人性化 的生态开放住区,促进城市居民的绿色出行 与健康生活方式提供建设性建议。
关键词:  生态新城  绿色交通  交通用地规 划  里姆会展新城
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20180208
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51608089,51778099)
Green Transport Planning in German Eco-urban District—A Case Study of Messestadt Riem of Munich
LIU Lianlian,YANG Yi
Abstract:
Green traffic planning and management is the basis of eco-city. In the mid 1990s, a series of eco-city projects was launched in Germany to explore a green, ecological and humane future city model. In this paper, firstly, differences on safety, land use and regulations of transport between China and Germany were compared. Then Riem Messestadt in Munich as a case was studied. Investigation of environmental transport planning includes public transport planning, no-motorized transport, and environmental management measures. Finally, green transport planning strategies in residential area of Messestadt Riem was summarized. We will learn the experiences to explore a new-type green city transformed from the closed-end community style, and promote an open and humanized urban residential area with sustainable mobility and healthy lifestyle.
Key words:  Eco-urban District  Green Transport  Traffic Land Use Planning  Messestadt Riem