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黔中安顺屯堡聚落水环境与水景观营建研究
周政旭1, 许佳琪2
1.清华大学建筑学院,助理教授,zhou zhengxu@tsinghua.edu.cn;2.北京林业大学园林学院,硕士研究生
摘要:
水作为重要的自然环境要素,在屯 堡聚落的形成与发展过程中发挥 着十分重要 的作用。文章在系统调研的基础上,分析了 安顺屯堡聚落水环境与水景观营建的4个主 要方面:聚落选址山水相生,主要选址位于 河谷坝子与周边山体交接之处,形成“山— 水—田—林—村”的整体空间格局;因水兴 建重要的屯田安居设施,解决饮用水源、山 地稻耕农作以及污水收集处理问题;凭借河 流水体参与防御体系构建,利用山水之势抵 御外侵,并人工修筑水渠等方式加强聚落防 御性;理水成景,营造稻作农业湿地景观、水 口园林景观等特色山地水景观。
关键词:  屯堡村落  水防御  水环境  水景 观  贵州
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20180116
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51508298); 清华大学新型城镇化研究院开放基金课 题(TUCSU—K—17024—01)
Study on Water Environment and Water Landscape in Tunpu Villages in Anshun, Guizhou Province
ZHOU Zhengxu,XU Jiaqi
Abstract:
As a significant element of nature, water is the key factor in the formation and development of the Tunpu settlements. On the basis of systematic study, this article analyzes the four main aspects of Tunpu about the settlement water environment and the construction of water landscape in Anshun, Guizhou. Main fi ndings are as follows: fi rstly, the settlements site combines mountain and river, mainly located in the transition of the valley and its surrounding mountains, forming the overall spatial pattern as “mountain-river-paddy fieldwoods- village”; secondly, it constructs important farmland settlements due to water, in order to solve the problem of water drinking, mountain rice farming as well as the sewage collection and treatment; thirdly, the river and water participate in the construction of defense system, depending on the situation of the mountains and water to resist the invasion, and strengthen the defensive in settlements relying on the artificial construction of aqueducts, etc; finally, landscape construction with water, construct the characteristic montanic water landscape, such as the agricultural wetland landscape , Shuikou landscape, etc.
Key words:  Tunpu Villages  Water Defense  Water Conservancy  Water Landscape  Guizhou