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基于复杂网络分析法的养老设施空间配置规划优化 ——以重庆市主城四区为例
黄 勇1, 李 林2, 万 丹2
1.重庆大学建筑城规学院,山地城镇建设 与新技术教育部重点实验室,副教授,博 士生导师,463303286@qq.com;2.重庆大学建筑城规学院,硕士研究生
摘要:
快速老龄化背景下老年人养老服务 需求日益剧增,城市养老设施配置出现“一床 难求”的问题。相较于增加配置规模,从城市 养老设施空间分布及其结构特征出发,探讨 养老设施的空间配置显得更为重要。因此, 在城乡规划学和复杂性科学的交叉领域,运 用复杂网络分析原理和方法,选取重庆渝中 区、沙坪坝区、南岸区、九龙坡区(以下简称 主城四区)养老设施为研究样本,构建养老 设施供给网络模型,建立网络评价指标体 系,综合床位利用率,分析养老设施空间配 置结构特征。研究得出,重庆城市养老设施 网络整体稳定性较差、养老设施供需失衡的 原因在于配置类型单一、供给格局错位。为 此,规划提出相应的优化配置策略,为养老 设施专项规划与优化提供科学依据。
关键词:  城乡规划  养老设施  复杂网络  配置优化
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20170508
分类号:
基金项目:重庆市社会事业与民生保障科技创新专项 资助项目(cstc2016shmszx0504)
Spatial Optimization of Old-Age Facilities Based on Complex Network Analysis—Taking Four Districts in Chongqing as Examples
HUANG Yong,LI Lin,WAN Dan
Abstract:
In the context of rapid aging, the demand for old-age care services in the elderly is increasing day by day, and the problem of “one bed is hard to find” is found in the allocation of urban old-age facilities. Compared with the increase of the scale of allocation, it is more important to explore the spatial configuration of old-age facilities space in terms of spatial distribution of urban old-age facilities and their structural characteristics. Therefore, in the crossing field of urban and rural planning and complex sciences, it employs the complex network analysis principles and methods, selects the old-age facilities of Yuzhong District, Shapingba District, Nan’an District, Jiulongpo District in Chongqing(hereinafter referred to as the four districts) as samples to construct old-age facilities supply network model, build evaluation index system, and combined with comprehensive bed utilization analysis of old-age facilities, it illustrates the spatial structure of old-age facilities. It is concluded that the overall stability of the urban old-age facilities in Chongqing is poor, and the supply and demand imbalance of the oldage facilities is due to the single type of configuration and the dislocation of the supply pattern. This paper puts forward the corresponding optimization strategy for the planning, and provides scientific basis for the special planning and optimization of the old-age facilities.
Key words:  Urban and Rural Planning  Old-age Facilities  Complex Networks  Configuration Optimization