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湘西花垣县油麻古苗寨风貌特征解析
甘振坤1, 龙林格格2
1.北京建筑大学建筑与城市规划学院,博士 研究生,strider@tntlab.cn;2.北京建筑大学建筑与城市规划学院, 硕士研究生
摘要:
湘西花垣县油麻古寨是一座规格形 制高、保存较为完整的典型苗族传统村落。 油麻村的历史可追溯至两晋,古寨历经千年, 形成了顺应地形的村落布局,坐落着大量与自 然和谐共生的传统建筑。文章从村落生成环 境、村落形态特征以及民居营建手法三个方 面展开风貌特征解析,系统而完整地展现了 苗寨因地制宜的营村特点、层次丰富的街巷 空间与别具匠心的建筑形式。文章最后梳理 了古寨重要的历史、文化、社会及科学价值, 强调油麻村作为重要的民族文化载体,孕育 了特色鲜明的文化内涵,向世人展现出苗家 人独具魅力的村落风貌和生动的生活场景。
关键词:  湘西花垣  苗族堡寨  传统村落  风貌特征  天人合一
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20170504
分类号:
基金项目:
Style Analyses of Youma Hmong Village at Huayuan County in Western Hunan Province
GAN Zhenkun,LONG Lingege
Abstract:
Youma Hmong Village is a well-kept Hmong stockade village with large scale and great structure. The history of Youma village dates back to the Jin Dynasty. In the long history of several thousand years, the village is formed according to the geological shape. Traditional architecture conveys the harmony with nature. This paper has analyzed the ecological environment, morphological characteristics and local building type of Youma Hmong Village. It shows the Hmong’s wise in village planning, streets layout and lanes in different dimensions and building strategies showing ingenuity. At last, it sorts out history, culture and social and scientific value of Hmong village, and underlines that as folk culture carrier, Youma Hmong Village carries within itself distinctive culture connotation. And the village tells the world that how charming the village is and the vividness of people who living there.
Key words:  Huayuan County in Western Hunan  Hmong Stockade Village  Traditional Village  Human and Geological Features  the Harmony Between Human And Nature