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晋系古建筑典型营造技术初探
王金平1, 王占雍2
1.太原理工大学建筑学院,教授,wjp797@ 163.com;2.太原理工大学艺术学院,硕士研究生
摘要:
论文基于对山西城乡聚落现存古 建筑的系统考察,发现“窑房同构”的营造方 式,是晋系古建筑的主流技术形态。窑洞与 木结构房屋相结合的形态,表现为“窑上建 窑”、“窑上建房”、“窑前建房”、“窑顶檐 厦”、“无梁结构”和“窑脸仿木”这六种既有 联系,又有区别的同构方式。在大量的工程 实践中,有时单独应用,有时将几种技术复合 施用于同一建构对象上。由此产生的窑房同 构建筑,就其空间、构造和视觉形态而言,造 型丰富多彩,地域特色鲜明。论文具有一定的 理论意义和应用价值。
关键词:  晋系  古建筑  窑房同构  营造技 术  人居智慧
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20170501
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(50778117)
A Preliminary Study of Typical Construction Technology of the Ancient Architectureof Jin Genres
WANG Jinping,WANG Zhanyong
Abstract:
Based on the system investigation to the ancient existing buildings of urban and rural settlements in Shanxi Province, this article found that the way to create the isomorphism between cave and building, which is the mainstream technology form of ancient buildings of Shanxi Province. This combination of morphology about cave and wooden houses could be manifested as “cave build on cave”, “buildings on cave”, “buildings in front of cave”, “the cave eaves”, “no beam structure” and “imitation wood cave face”, meanwhile, the six kinds of isomorphic way have both similarities and differences. In a large number of engineering practices, sometimes they may be utilized individually, while sometimes several construction technology of composite application are employed in the same object. The resulting isomorphism buildings, in terms of their space, structure and visual forms, are rich and varied in models, and had regional features. This article may have certain theoretical signifi cance and application value.
Key words:  Jin Genres  Ancient Architecture  Isomorphism Between Cave and Building  Construction Technology  Wisdom of Human Settlement