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曹义敏,王培茗,马程伟,孙鹏宇
作者单位
曹义敏 云南大学建筑与规划学院硕士研究生 
王培茗 (通讯作者):云南大学建筑与规划学院 教授wpm-666@163.com 
马程伟 云南大学建筑与规划学院硕士研究生 
孙鹏宇 云南大学建筑与规划学院硕士研究生 
摘要:
随着中小学生避震疏散重要性的 提高,为了迅速了解一个学校的有效容灾面 积及其能够承载的避灾人口,依据我国有关 中小学校园规划设计的规范和标准,逐项分 析影响其容灾能力的各项空间,计算出不同 规模中小学校园内各项用地的面积及占比, 从而得出我国中小学校园室外空间作为避灾 空间的有效容灾面积系数。对耿马、剑川、 绿春三个县城的中小学实例进行对比分析, 综合分析了实例与标准有效容灾面积系数 存在偏差的原因,主要在于可用绿地面积偏 小、体育活动面积比例偏小、建筑占地比例 偏大。
关键词:  避灾空间  中小学校园  有效容灾面 积系数  室外空间
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20170317
分类号:
基金项目:Study on the Coefficient of Outdoor Effective Disaster Area at Primary and Secondary School Campus
我国中小学校园室外有效容灾面积系数的研究
CAO Yimin,WANG Peiming,MA Chengwei,SUN Pengyu
Abstract:
With the improvement of the importance of the evacuation of primary and secondary school students, in order to quickly understand the effective disaster area of a school and its capacity to carry the disaster population, according to China's primary and secondary school campus planning and design standards ,the area and the proportion of land use in different primary and secondary schools are calculated to obtain the coefficient of effective disaster area in primary and secondary school campus outdoor space as disaster prevention space. This paper analyzes the examples of the primary and secondary schools in Gengma, Jianchuan and Lvchun County, and analyzes the reasons of the deviation between the instance in the standard area and the disaster area. The main reason is that the available green area is too small and the proportion of the sports area is small, on the proportion of building area is too large.
Key words:  Disaster Prevention Space  Primary and Secondary School Campus  Coeffi  cient of Effective Disaster Area  Outdoor Space