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胡惠琴,闫红曦
作者单位
胡惠琴 北京工业大学住宅研究所教授skyaj@ 126.com 
闫红曦 北京工业大学住宅研究所硕士研究生 
摘要:
我国独特的生育政策导致了国内 “421及“422”家庭结构的产生,使得老年 人口比例不断增大,养老问题的严峻性持续 加剧。同时,这种家庭结构的少子化的现象 带来的幼儿教育问题不能小觑。而与之相 矛盾的是,社区养老、育幼福利设施极度缺 乏,既有设施的使用现状令人担忧。本文着 眼于国内生育政策所产生的“421”及“422” 家庭结构中存在的养老、育幼问题,提出社区 “老幼复合”型福利设施的设计思路。
关键词:  “421”家庭  养老  育幼  老幼复合 型  设施
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20170306
分类号:
基金项目:The Construction of the Integrated Welfare Facilities for Elderly and Children Based on the “421” Family Structure in the Community
“421”家庭结构下社区老幼复合型福利设施营造
HU Huiqin,YAN Hongxi
Abstract:
China’s unique family planning policy has led to the emergence of “421” and “422” family structure, which makes the proportion of the elderly population continue to increase, and the seriousness of the pension problem continue to intensify. At the same time, the problems in early childhood education brought about by the phenomenon of few-generating of family structure cannot be underestimated. But paradoxically, welfare facilities of old-age care and?child-care?in?the?community?are?extremely?deficient,?and?the?use?of?existing?facilities?is worrying. This paper focuses on the problems of old-age care and child-care existing in “421” and “422” family structure emerging from the domestic fertility policy, and puts forward the design idea of welfare facilities of the integrated welfare facilities for elderly and children in the community.
Key words:  “421” Family  Old-age Care  Child-care  the Integrated Care Center for Elderly and Children  Facility