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毛媛媛,丁家骏,魏 琦,黄金福,曾敏玲
作者单位
毛媛媛 苏州大学建筑学院副教授 
丁家骏 上海同济城市规划设计研究院工程师 
魏 琦 苏州市公安局科技信息化处副处长 
黄金福 苏州市吴中区长桥派出所副主任科员 
曾敏玲 (通讯作者):北京师范大学珠海分校不动 产学院讲师mlzeng@126.com 
摘要:
本研究采用质性案例研究方法,选 取苏南某特大城市城乡结合部某一典型小高 层居住区开展研究。通过官方提供的违法犯 罪数据分析表明,犯罪分布具有明显的空间 集聚性。随后基于CPTED理论框架,梳理了 案件高发地点的环境特征,结合对居民、管 理者等主体的访谈,探索居住区盗窃犯罪影 响因素。研究发现,犯罪高发区存在领域性 缺失、监视不足、通道控制缺乏、环境维护 不佳、目标加固不足、活动水平低等环境特 征。环境设计环节对犯罪预防疏于考虑,以 及环境维护和管理的缺失为犯罪行为提供了 可能条件。居民对环境安全性认知与实际犯 罪场所的错位,以及居住区中不同主体之间 的利益博弈为环境改造预防犯罪造成了一定 的难度。最后提出相应优化建议,并对其普 适性进行讨论。
关键词:  居住区  违法犯罪  空间  环境  案 例研究
DOI:10.13791/j.cnki.hsfwest.20170303
分类号:
基金项目:Qualitative Case Study of Crime in Residential Area Based on CPTED Theory
基于CPTED理论的居住区犯罪质性案例研究
MAO Yuanyuan,DING Jiajun,WEI Qi,HUANG Jinfu,ZENG Minling
Abstract:
Qualitative case study method is used to study a typical high-rise residential neighborhood between urban and rural area of a large city in the south of Jiangsu Province. The analysis of crime data provided by the government shows that the crime distribution has obvious spatial clusters. Then, based on the CPTED theory framework, the environmental characteristics of the crime hotspots are analyzed. Combining interviews with residents, managers and other subjects, factors affecting theft crime are explored. The findings show that the hotspots of crime are characterized by lack of territoriality, surveillance, access control, environmental maintenance, target hardening and low level of activity. Insufficient consideration of crime prevention during environmental design and lack of environmental protection and management provide the possible conditions for criminal behavior. The divergences between residents’ cognition of environmental safety and actual crime location, as well?as?the?game?of?interest?among?different?subjects?in?the?neighborhood,?make?it?difficult?for the environment reform to prevent crime. Finally, optimizing suggestions on crime prevention in neighborhoods are put forward, and its universal adaptability is discussed.
Key words:  Residential Area  Crime  Space  Environment  Case Study